Most of the people get confused with neurosurgery as brain surgery. Neurosurgery is something more than that of brain surgery. Patients with head and spine trauma, cerebrovascular diseases, brain and spinal tumors and abnormalities of the peripheral nerves etc. are treated with neurosurgery.
As per history, neurosurgery is relatively young in the field. It has become an independent surgical specialty only during the past century. But, neurosurgery have become one of the most prestigious and successful specialties today.
Neurosurgery is the field which studies the causes of nervous system malfunction and also offers diagnosis and treatments for the same. Neurosurgeons usually treat issues such as:
- Neurovascular diseases like brain hemorrhages, stroke, vascular malformations etc.
- Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, hydrocephalus or malformations involving the brain from birth and such kinds of brain disorders.
- Peripheral nerve injuries or compressions
- Spinal problems
- Infections that affect the brain and spinal cord, the spinal vertebra and disks, the fluid surrounding the brain or spinal cord etc.