Congenital Abnormalities In Brain And Spinal Cord

What are they?

They are birth defects of the physical structures of brain and spinal cord. They occur during fetal intrauterine growth. This blanket form encompasses a broad group of disorders varying from minor deformities to severe ones. Many of the severe ones are not compatible with life.

What are the causes?

  • Genetic factors
  • Exposure to alcohol, smoking, certain environmental toxins and virus during pregnancy
  • Iron and vitamin deficiencies in mothers to be
  • Some times no identifiable cause

What are the symptoms?

They vary widely depending on the nature and severity of the condition

Can these disorders be prevented?

  • Vaccination against certain viruses
  • Proper nutrition and vitamin supplements for mothers to be
  • Genetic counseling in case of any genetic factors
  • Regular ultrasound examination during pregnancy and adequate ante natal care
  • Considering abortion in case of severe abnormalities.

Authored By Dr. Sai Sudarsan

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