Discectomy is the surgical procedure employed to remove herniated discs from the spinal canal. Endoscope assisted disectomy is a minimally invasive method which makes use of endoscope and small surgical tools. Herniated disc will cause compression of nerve roots and spinal cord. Fragment of the spinal disc that is putting pressure on the nerves is so removed.
Discectomy is performed under a light anesthesia. A very small incision is made in the middle of your back neck. A small metal tube is inserted into the herniated disc through this incision using x-ray fluoroscopy. This will help your surgeon to locate the herniated disc using x-rays and camera. The inserted tube acts as a passage for endoscope and surgical instruments. Then surgical tools and an endoscope with small camera will be guided through this passage. After identifying the disc, fragments that put pressure on the nerve is removed using special instruments. Camera attached with the endoscope will visualize live the damaged disc which is to be removed.
After all fragment tissues are removed, your surgeon will withdraw tools from the spine and dress the incision using bandages with utmost care.
- Less tissue injury and scar formation
- No need of large skin incision
- Shorter recovery period
- Very little blood loss
- Chance of developing another fragment (Recurrent disc herniation)
- Spinal fluid leakage
- Injury to blood vessels or nerves surrounding the spine