Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder. It predominately attacks “Dopaminergic”, dopamine-producing neurons in a particular area of the brain called “Substantia Nigra”. In this condition,

dopaminergic neurons would be impaired and it causes the gradual decline of dopamine level in the body. Dopamine is the key to control the body movements. Parkinson’s syndrome may be either progressive or chronic. Symptoms gradually worsen in the progressive stage whereas chronic persists for a long period.

Parkinsons Disease causes:

The exact cause of PD is unknown. However, the suspected causes of Parkinson’s disease are

  • Prolonged exposure to the toxins such as herbicides, fungicides, insecticides
  • Usage of MPTP, a synthetic neurotoxin, can also cause PD symptoms
  • Certain genetic mutations that are passed genetically to the family members

Parkinsons Disease symptoms:

  • Rigid muscle & stiffness
  • Slowness of movement
  • Tremors mainly at rest
  • Unsteady balance and gait
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety & Depression

Treatment for Parkinson’s syndrome:

Unluckily, the PD cannot be cured. The treatment is focused towards reducing the severity of the symptoms and restoring dopamine production to improve overall health. The acetylcholine effect needs to be blocked. Medications, surgical intervention, and lifestyle changes are the treatments for Parkinson’s disease.

Parkinson’s disease medication:

The combination of two drugs Levodopa & Carbidopa is Sinemet which is the most effective drug for Parkinson’s disease. The symptoms such as muscle rigidity and slow movement are controlled by Levodopa. However, the life of Levodopa is only a short period of time and the symptoms may relapse. The side effects of the drug are nausea, vomiting, dyspnea, dyspepsia, restlessness, involuntary movements, low blood pressure, and confusion.

Anticholinergic Drugs are normally prescribed for treating tremors associated with Parkinson’s disease. The acetylcholine action is restricted by these drugs.

Dopamine Agonists will mimic the dopamine effects in the brain. The drug can directly stimulate dopamine receptors. However, insomnia and hallucinations are the side effects caused by the drug.

Antiviral Drugs improves the dopamine balancing and reduces the symptoms


When the medications fail to control symptoms, then the surgery is performed to repair the severe motor fluctuations.

Deep Brain Stimulation:

Electrodes are implanted into a certain area of the brain that controls movement. Then, it is connected to a pulse generator implanted in the chest area. It delivers impulses to the targeted area of the brain. This surgical treatment is a success over 70% of the patients and they acquired gradual improvements. Seizures, bleeding and infections could be the rare risks.

In another surgical type, the specific area of the brain which causes PD would be destroyed.

Lifestyle changes, language therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy would help to improve the Parkinson’s disease patients’ routine life.

Dr. Sai Sudarsan is one of the best neurosurgeons in Hyderabad who has been treating all neurological issues and performed many neurosurgeries successfully. He is the ace neurosurgeon for Parkinson’s disease treatment in Hyderabad.

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Neck pain can be caused by sudden trauma such as muscle sprain or strains. Neck pain treatment normally needs conservative treatment option such as heat/ice therapy, medication, muscle conditioning, and physical therapy.

These treatment options can relieve many patients and reduce the need for surgery. Dr. Saisudarsan is one of the renowned neurosurgeons in Hyderabad.

What are the non-surgical treatment options for neck pain?

In most of the cases, the neck pain initiates from strain and can be cure non-surgically. Mostly, it involves releasing of neck pressure and muscle spasm. There are several non-surgical treatment options are available to treat neck pain, such as

· Cervical collars- cervical collars permit movement of the head and support neck to treat non-surgically. This process gives muscles desired rest and healing from the strain.

· Cervical traction- it is used for home use. In this kind of treatment, pull the head to stretch neck muscles by increasing the area of the neural passageways.

· Medications- medications can also provide to cure neck pain. Depending on the severity of the pain, some medicines are prescribed, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), muscle relaxants, trigger point injections and short-term use of opioids

· Physiotherapy- passive forms of physiotherapy such as cold/heat therapy, massage, and ultrasound can help to alleviate stiffness and pain. Therapeutic exercises can help to build strength and increase motion range. Physiotherapy also helps to understand the correct form of posture and relaxation techniques.

· Yoga

· Acupuncture

· Massage and herbal medicines

When is surgery needed for Neck Pain?


It is rare to prescribe surgery for neck pain as neck pain mostly not requires that. But, in certain cases it is required, when there is

· Any spinal cord dysfunction such as spinal stenosis

· A narrowing of the neural passageways

· Entrapping of nerve root

· Excruciating pain that is not treated well by using non-surgical measures

· Any Persist pain or weakness

What are the surgical options for neck pain?

The surgical option for neck pain include

· Corpectomy

· Discectomy

· Trans corporeal microdecompression (TCMD )

· Stabilization

Dr. Saisudarsan is highly qualified and experienced neurosurgeon in Hyderabad. He has many years of experience in treating neck pain.

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A medical emergency, considered deadly for its consequences, brain stroke is becoming an increasingly common condition today. Occurring due to a hindrance in the blood flow to the brain, stroke is one of those conditions where

prompt and efficient treatment is very crucial. However, with the correct intervention at the right time, brain stroke can be overcome with limited or no damage.

Dr. Sai Sudarsan, a pioneer in minimally invasive neurosurgery is well acclaimed for the best brain stroke treatment in Hyderabad. The reduced blood flow results in a deficiency in the oxygen and nutrient supply to brain cells. The brain cells die when exposed to oxygen deficiency for some time causing complication and even death.

Symptoms of Stroke

  • Given the importance of early treatment for stroke, it is important to identify the symptoms of the condition. Some of these are as follows: -
  • Confusion, trouble in comprehending or understanding things
  • Speech difficulties such as slurring
  • Trouble with vision in one or both eyes
  • Numbness or paralysis of legs arms or face
  • Loss of coordination or balance
  • A headache or dizziness accompanied with vomiting, altered consciousness and so on

Prevention is better than cure

It is possible to prevent stroke to a great extent if it is possible to keep an eye on the following.

  • Stay in bounds with blood pressure
  • Below in saturated fats and cholesterol
  • Control diabetes
  • A diet rich in fiber, vegetables, and fruits along with regular exercise
  • Maintain a healthy weight

Treatment for stroke

The treatment for stroke is mainly dependent on the type of stroke encountered. Ischemic stroke caused due to the blocking of the artery is treated with the help of medications, such as aspirin and TPAs. Emergency procedures including mechanical clot removal are performed depending upon the extent of stroke.
The treatment of hemorrhagic stroke involves reducing the pressure in the brain and controlling the bleeding with the help of medications and surgical procedures.

Dr. Sai Sudarshan is widely trusted for his experience in treating different neurosurgical conditions.

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Back pain is a silent and violent killer. Unbearable back pain makes one feel depressed. Though there are so many ways to treat the lumbar pain, few only get better results. Is there any possibility to override the pain without any massive surgery? Yes,

Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is an advanced technique from lumbar microdiscectomy used to treat lumbar disc problems.

The procedure of PELD:

Under local anesthesia using a stylet, a cannula is inserted through the back into the vertebral disc centre portion for performing a discectomy. Once the position of the stylet is confirmed using AP and lateral X-ray views, it is removed by leaving the cannula in the place. The damaged disc material can be removed using surgical tools. Camera attached endoscope is used to visualize the herniated disc to be removed. This is a safe method to decompress the nerve root. This surgery suits all kinds of patients.

Advantages of PELD

  1. Most of the cases experienced immediate pain relief
  2. Direct access to the herniated disc thru the cannula
  3. The ligament and disc annulus remain in contact
  4. No heavy general anesthesia is administered
  5. It is performed as an outpatient treatment
  6. Blood loss is limited/only minimal blood loss
  7. After the surgery, shorter rehabilitation is obtained
  8. Small incision is made that is closed with one stitch, no hard scars

Risks associated with PELD

  1. Continuous bruising or bleeding
  2. Infection in the operated site
  3. Leakage of spinal fluid
  4. Injury to nerves, blood vessels surrounding the spine

Dr. Sai Sudarsan, the senior Neurosurgery consultant in Hyderabad who has vast experience in doing percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD).

A head injury occurs as a result of trauma to the scalp, skull or brain, and can be classified as closed (no break in the skin) or penetrating (the skin or skull bone is broken ). The symptoms of head injury may occur immediately after a trauma or may develop slowly over time.

A head injury with brain damage , with damage to brain tissue or duties, is called cranio-cerebral trauma . This type of injury is again divided in traumatic brain injury closed (meninges intact) and open (damaged meninges).

Brain lesions themselves are divided, by definition, as follows:

  1. Contusion : unchanged or only very small brain tissue
  2. Concussion : Alterations in brain tissue are highly localized (lesion in the cerebral cortex by a contusion)
  3. Brain compression : with parts of the brain tissue altered significantly

The cause of head injuries are often external shocks caused by accidents such as collisions, hits or impacts on the head , which can occur in many situations: in sports , at home, work accidents, traffic and many other.

In head injury that affects the brain, the treatment depends on the type of brain injury the concussion requires bed rest for several days. It is important that people with concussion are protected from light and noise and are all day in a hospital under supervision.

The treatment of head injuries depends on the type of injury and the patient’s condition. To assess the severity of a head injury, a doctor may perform a physical and neurological examination, and imaging tests.

Dr. Saisudarsan is a leading neurosurgeon in India providing best Head Injury Treatments in Hyderabad also providing treatments for all neurological problems at affordable cost .

Dr.Sai sudarsan is one of the Best Neurosurgeon in India , He is experienced in Micro Neurosurgery and an Endovascular Neuro treateatment . He s working as Senior consultant.

Dr.Sai Sudarsan specializes in diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the center and peripheral nervous systems including trauma , tumors vascular disorders , infections of the brain or spine, stoke etc . He is Specialised in different Treatments those are given below


  • Back Pain
  • Spinal Surgery
  • Disc Arthroplasty
  • Head Injury
  • Carpal tunnel
  • Stroke
  • Brain Attack
  • Dementia
  • Awake Craniotomy
  • Pinhole surgery etc

Neuro Vascular Surgery

Dr.Sai Sudarsan One of the famous Neuro Vascular Surgeon in India . Neuro Vascular Surgeons who are experts in treating different diseases of brain & Spain. He is skilled at Managing different complex conditions including :Carotid Endarterectomy , Onyx Radio Surgery , Open surgery

Dr.Sai Sudersan conducting innovative treatment and it will offer the best chance for cure the diseases. Our Team always trying to study all cases of the patient to be recover from the disease.

Spinal Surgery

Spinal Surgery is mainly for back pain & Neck Pain. Dr.Sai Sudersan and His Team giving effective treatment for back pain & Neck problems.

Back Pain Surgery : MILD ( Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy ) is one of the effective Treatment for Back Pain Surgery. If you have any problems in your lower back while walking, standing you might be having Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. Pain and number are the main symptoms of back pain. MILD is very low risk procedure, But it will complicated who have other health problems.other back pain treatment.

  • Endoscope Assisted Discectomy
  • Ozone Arthroplasty
  • Non Surgically Back Pain Treatments

Neck Problem Surgery : It will help to remove the pressure from the spinal cord in the neck.

Bones are not removed during the surgery. MAjority of people who undergo cerrical spinal surgery experience good result and relief for neck problem.

Many tumors and other conditions are there which affect the skull base. Brain tumors, acoustic neuromas, meaningiomas and pituitary tumors etc. include in these. Certain other developmental abnormalities also affect the skull base.

The skull has several bones, usually called as sutures. The space behind the eyes and nose is the place where lies the base of the skull. Treating skull base tumors is very complex, because they are seen very close to the blood vessels in the brain, head, neck, spinal cord and to critical nerves. Any slight mistakes can badly affect the proper functioning of the body.

Skull base tumors usually grow primarily on the inside of the skull. But occasionally it appears on the outside also. Some of them originate in the skull base, whereas some others may spread from there to elsewhere in the body.

There are a variety of surgical approaches to remove the skull tumors. All the surgeries are meant to remove the tumor. There are different types of skull based tumors:

  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Schwannoma
  • Meningioma
  • Pituitary tumor
  • Glomus jugulare
  • Craniopharyngioma etc

Symptoms of a skull tumor may vary according to the size and nature of the tumor. Common symptoms may include:

  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • First-time seizures
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Hoarseness
  • Hearing loss
  • Tinnitus
  • Difficulty with balance and coordination
  • Speech difficulties
  • Difficulty swallowing and
  • Facial pain, twitching, or paralysis

The symptoms of pituitary tumor are different from that of the others. It includes:

  • Rounding face
  • Very tall stature
  • Disproportionate face, hands and feet
  • Joint pains
  • High blood pleasure
  • Easy bruising
  • Stretch marks and
  • Excess sweating

The exact cause for skull base tumors is not yet known. There are certain factors that may increase the risk for such kinds of tumors. They are:

  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Family history of brain tumor and
  • Exposure to radiation etc

The physician might take a complete medical history and conduct physical examinations to diagnose the issue. The patient might have to undergo for tests like:

  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • Dynamic MRI
  • Functional MRI
  • Dynamic CT Scan
  • MRA
  • MRS
  • PET
  • FS MRI
  • Cerebrospinal fluid examination
  • Endocrine evaluation
  • Perimetry and
  • Stereotactic biopsy etc

It is very difficult to access skull base tumors with surgery as they sit under the brain. Combinations of treatments are usually used for skull base tumors. Treatment options may include:

  • Observation
  • Medications
  • Shunt
  • Surgery
  • Different kinds of therapies and
  • Embolizaton

Shunt is a long, thin tube used to drain the excess cerebrospinal fluid from the brain to the abdomen. It is used when a brain tumor causes fluid to build upon the brain. Radiation therapies and chemotherapies are also used for treating patients with skull base tumors.

Surgery has been considered to be one of the prominent treatments for skull base tumors. It has been there in the list of primary treatments. But, being a complex process surgeons usually avoid surgical process and choose other kinds of treatments like radiation and chemotherapies. The location of the tumor and risk of causing serious neurological injuries makes the surgery difficult for the surgeons. One of the common type of surgeries is craniotomy. For the process, the surgeon makes a small incision in the scalp and removes the tumor through the hole. The limitation of the procedure is that, it is not possible to remove the tumor completely through the small incision.

With the technological advancements, new techniques have been introduced to the field. Endoscopic surgery is one among them. It is also used to treat skull base tumors. Endoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive microsurgery technique.

Head Injury is a common term used to refer to injuries to the brain, the skull, the scalp, the blood vessels that run through the head and the underlying tissues in the head. Mostly, these injuries are considered to be neurotrauma.

The types of head injuries are different for different types of fractures of the skull, intracranial hematoma, and concussions. The different types of skull fractures include a depressed skull fracture, diastatic skull fracture, basilar skull fracture and linear skull fractures.

When a person has suffered a head injury, he may show a few symptoms. The symptoms that he shows would be any of the common symptoms or sometimes even a combination of some of the common ones. Headaches, nausea, tired eyes, blurred vision, balance problem, change in sleep pattern, light headedness, etc. are some of those common symptoms.

Diagnosis of head injuries

The diagnosis is usually done with scanning methods like a CT scan, an MRI scan or sometimes X-rays as well. Blood tests are often conducted to reach conclusions. EEG might also be suggested, depending on the condition of the patient.

What are the treatment methods used in the cases of head injuries?

The treatment is decided by the doctor after he reaches a conclusion about the intensity and depth of the injury. The age and the severity are taken into account. Sometimes surgeries may be required like to avoid clotting of blood.

Dr. Sai Sudarsan is a well trained and an experienced micro and an Endo-vascular neurosurgeon. Provides the best treatment for all types of head injuries with the help of a dedicated team.

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Head injury may occur in any part such as the brain, scalp, skull, and the underlying tissues in the head. It is one of the crucial conditions to treat. Head injuries will be either closed or opened. In closed injury, the skull will not have any injury or break.

Open injury is one which breaks the skull and penetrates into the brain. The basis of head trauma and head injury is otherwise called as brain injuries or traumatic brain injuries.

Head Injury- Types

Concussion (temporary confusion caused by a sudden blow on the head), intracranial hematoma (blood accumulation within the brain and around the skull), skull fracture, hemorrhage ( heavy bleeding), edema (excess accumulation of fluid in the intra or extra cellular spaces of the brain), depressed skull fracture (a cranial bone break), and basilar Skull Fracture

Head injury symptoms differ from person to person depending on the depth and type of injury. The common symptoms of mild head injuries are:
Problems in balancing, sensitivity to light and noise, blurred vision, tinnitus (ringing or buzzing sound in the ears), dizziness, headaches, irritability, changes in sleep patterns, nausea, decreased memory and concentration

Severe head injury Convulsion or seizure, skin discoloration (paleness), walking difficulties, slurred speech, short-term memory loss, repeated vomiting and nausea, severe headache,

Convulsion or seizure, skin discoloration (paleness), walking difficulties, slurred speech, short-term memory loss, repeated vomiting and nausea, severe headache, spinning of the head, mood changes and abnormal eye movements are symptoms of severe head injury.

Head Injuries Treatment

Dr. Sai Sudarsan is a senior consultant in of Neurosurgery at Star Hospital, Hyderabad. He is an expert in micro neurosurgery and endovascular neurosurgery. He is one of the best neurosurgeons providing Head Injury Treatment in India. It is, no doubt, one of the leading hospitals for treatment of brain injuries.

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Back Pain felt in the back of the body. the most common aria of the pain is lower back, or lumbar area. The pain is came from the muscles or nerves associated with the spine chords or other constructed in the spine.

Lumbar spinal Stenosis Symptoms :

A typical symptoms is pain in the legs. Patients with this problems they can’t walk far because of leg pain. The symptoms related with this disease develop gradually when the patient became aged. Symptoms may include : Leg pain , Tingling in a leg, foot, arm or hand. So Many people suffer from this problem.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Causes :

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis commonly caused with ageing the small joints located in the spine tends to larger as they degenerate and compress this spine it make pain in the nerve.

Effective Back Pain Treatment are given Below :

Endoscopy Assisted Discectomy : It s a Effective Treatment for Back pain. In this Surgical Procedure remove Herniated discs from the Spinal Cord. It takes shorter recovery period.

Ozone Arthroplasty : Herniated disc is the condition of compression between the nerve root and spinal cords. IT causes lower back pain or leg pain.Surgical & Non -Surgical treatment are available for this. Ozone arthroplasty is very effective type of treatment for back pain ( Herniated disc )

Non- Surgical Back Pain Treatment : Surgical Treatment includes Medications, Hot & Cold Treatment ,

Cortisone Injection : This is a kind of Medication for inflammations caused by different diseases.It will relef the pain in a specilific location of the body.

Therapies : Therapies are very common and effective for daily working peoples

Some of the other latest back pain treatments are :


  • Exercise Daily Prevent Back Pain
  • Yoga
  • Keep Healthy Body Weight
  • Sleep Position
  • Carefully lift Weight
  • Seat Properly
  • Avoid Continuous Sitting

Know Our Back Pain Specialist :

Dr.Sai Sudersan ,

One of the Best Specialist for Back Pain Treatment, His Expertization is available for different Back pain treatment Mentioned in Above.

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Dr. Saisudarsan
Star Hospitals (A Unit of Unimed Health Care Pvt Ltd) 8-2-596/5, Road. No. 10, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad – 500 034, Telangana India


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