Tethered Cord Syndrome

Tethered Cord Syndrome

What is it?

A spinal cord that is pulled down and stuck or fixed to the spinal canal is called a tethered cord. In a normal individual the spinal cord floats free in the CSF in spinal canal.

What are the causes?

It occurs most often in children who are operated for neural tub defects. A scar usually forms after surgery and the spinal cord gets stuck to the scar. This gradual pull on the spinal cord as the child grows gives rise to symptoms. It can also occur in spina bifida occulta when the spinal cord gets stuck to the bony defect

What are the symptoms?

  • Back pain or shooting pain in the legs
  • Muscle weakness in the legs
  • Numbness and tingling in lower limbs
  • Arching of the feet
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control
  • Abnormal curvature of spine – scoliosis
  • Recurrent bladder infection
  • Birth marks like tufts of hair, fatty lump or dimple over the back

How does one diagnose?

  • Proper clinical history and a detailed neurological examination
  • MRI to see for a low-lying cord and the fixation of the cord to the tissue at the bottom of the spine. Associated conditions can also be diagnosed.

What are the treatment options?

Surgical correction is the only option. It depends on the severity of the symptoms. Intra operative neuromonitoring during the surgery gives better results. The spinal canal is opened and the spinal cord is detached from the scar. It is called detethering of the cord.

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Dr. Saisudarsan
Star Hospitals (A Unit of Unimed Health Care Pvt Ltd) 8-2-596/5, Road. No. 10, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad – 500 034, Telangana India

+91-7702199330

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