Back Pain Problems

The human back is a complex structure which consists of 24 vertebrae, intervertebral discs, tendon, ligaments, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.

Back pain is not an unusual health problem. As name indicates, back pain is the pain felt anywhere on your back. Any people can get back pain. Most of the people will have to experience back pain even once in their life. Any damages to these components can lead to back pain.

Back pain can be acute or chronic. Most times, back pain can be relieved without any treatments. But in some cases, pain may persist or continue for longer periods. Medical diagnosis and proper treatment is necessary in such cases.

Back pain can affect people regardless of their age, but it is more common among people between ages 35 and 55.


Most often back pain problems can be cured without any treatments. But for some people, pain may be continuing. Medical treatment is necessary in such cases.

Common sign and symptoms are;

  • Pain anywhere on your back
  • Fever
  • Swelling on the back
  • Persistent back pain
  • Inability to stand up straight
  • Difficulty and inconsistent urination
  • Painful motion in the back
  • Numbness around the genitals and anus
  • Bowel or bladder problems
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Pain, weakness or numbness in legs.



Back pain can occur due to many reasons.

Any injuries or damages to any components of your back can result in back pain.

Strained muscles or ligaments

  • Lifting heavy objects or improper lifting
  • A sudden awkward movement
  • Muscle spasm

Structural problems

  • Ruptured disk
  • Herniated disk
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Bone fracturing osteoporosis
  • Scoliosis

Causes related with everyday activities

  • Poor posture
  • Lifting something improperly
  • Lifting heavy weighing objects
  • Continuous sitting in a position for long times; during work or driving
  • Awkward bending
  • Bending down for long periods
  • Coughing or sneezing


  • Stressful job
  • Pregnancy
  • Middle aged people
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Overweight
  • Lack of physical exercises
  • Smoking


Diagnostic imaging tests are not necessary always to detect your back pain. Physical examination or clues from the patients are much enough for most of the doctors to confirm your back pain.

But certain imaging tests can find the source of severe pains.

X-rays can show the alignment of the bones and whether the patient has arthritis or broken bones. Problems related with muscles, the spinal cord, nerves or disks may not be identified using this.

MRI or CT scans – herniated discs and problems with tissue, tendons, nerves, ligaments, blood vessels, muscles and bones can be traced by an MRI or CT scan.

Bone scan – A bone scan reveal bone fractures and tumors.

Electromyography or EMG – This test is usually conducted to confirm nerve compression caused by narrowing of spinal canal. Electrical impulses produced by the nerves would be measured here.


Certain home remedies and careful attention can reveal back pain in most cases. Some of the pain relievers are available without prescription of doctor. If you do not get benefit from this, other medications can be used.

Authored By Dr. Sai Sudarsan

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