A brain aneurysm (also called an intracranial aneurysm or cerebral aneurysm) is an abnormal focal dilation of an artery in the brain which causes "blister-like" dilation - widening, ballooning or bleb of a portion of a weakened blood vessel in the brain.

A stroke is a cerebral vascular accident caused by sudden rupture or blockage in the blood supply of the brain. This is similar to a heart attack as the brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose they need to survive, die off.

According to studies, there are almost one million cases of tremor in India. Though there is no exact cure for this condition, it can be controlled and prevented from being a severe case.

But many aren't aware of the treatments available. Here's a brief study about essential tremor and the treatments available.

What is essential tremor?

The essential tremor is a nervous disorder where different parts of the body experience uncontrollable shaking and shivering. The affected body parts include the tongue, voice box, chin, head, arms, and hands. Tremor usually don't affect the lower part of the body.

The essential tremor does not prevent you from living a normal life, although you might find it a bit difficult to perform some daily activities like eating, writing etc. Yet severe tremors can affect the body badly and can even cause disability.

What are the treatments available for tremor?

A mild tremor may not require any treatment. But if it is a severe one then the following treatments are available:

  • Medication: Medications are used to decrease the severity of the tremor. Botox injection can be used to treat tremor in the head and voice box. Other medications include anticonvulsant and beta blockers like Inderal, Mysoline, Neurontin, and Topamax.
  • Surgery: The surgical treatment called Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is performed to treat severe cases of tremor which couldn't be controlled with medications. The thalamus which coordinates the muscle activities are implanted with electrical leads in this surgical process.
  • Focused High-Intensity Ultrasound: This treatment makes use of magnetic resonance images (MRI) to focus on ultrasound in order to eliminate the tissue in the thalamus. In this procedure, the patients are not given any anesthesia and are fully conscious, awake and responsive during the treatment.

Are you or your loved ones suffering from Tremor? Do get an appointment for Tremor treatment in Hyderabad from DR.Sai Sudarshan, one of the best neurosurgeons in Hyderabad for reliable and affordable treatment.

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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder. It predominately attacks “Dopaminergic”, dopamine-producing neurons in a particular area of the brain called “Substantia Nigra”. In this condition,

dopaminergic neurons would be impaired and it causes the gradual decline of dopamine level in the body. Dopamine is the key to control the body movements. Parkinson’s syndrome may be either progressive or chronic. Symptoms gradually worsen in the progressive stage whereas chronic persists for a long period.

Parkinsons Disease causes:

The exact cause of PD is unknown. However, the suspected causes of Parkinson’s disease are

  • Prolonged exposure to the toxins such as herbicides, fungicides, insecticides
  • Usage of MPTP, a synthetic neurotoxin, can also cause PD symptoms
  • Certain genetic mutations that are passed genetically to the family members

Parkinsons Disease symptoms:

  • Rigid muscle & stiffness
  • Slowness of movement
  • Tremors mainly at rest
  • Unsteady balance and gait
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety & Depression

Treatment for Parkinson’s syndrome:

Unluckily, the PD cannot be cured. The treatment is focused towards reducing the severity of the symptoms and restoring dopamine production to improve overall health. The acetylcholine effect needs to be blocked. Medications, surgical intervention, and lifestyle changes are the treatments for Parkinson’s disease.

Parkinson’s disease medication:

The combination of two drugs Levodopa & Carbidopa is Sinemet which is the most effective drug for Parkinson’s disease. The symptoms such as muscle rigidity and slow movement are controlled by Levodopa. However, the life of Levodopa is only a short period of time and the symptoms may relapse. The side effects of the drug are nausea, vomiting, dyspnea, dyspepsia, restlessness, involuntary movements, low blood pressure, and confusion.

Anticholinergic Drugs are normally prescribed for treating tremors associated with Parkinson’s disease. The acetylcholine action is restricted by these drugs.

Dopamine Agonists will mimic the dopamine effects in the brain. The drug can directly stimulate dopamine receptors. However, insomnia and hallucinations are the side effects caused by the drug.

Antiviral Drugs improves the dopamine balancing and reduces the symptoms


When the medications fail to control symptoms, then the surgery is performed to repair the severe motor fluctuations.

Deep Brain Stimulation:

Electrodes are implanted into a certain area of the brain that controls movement. Then, it is connected to a pulse generator implanted in the chest area. It delivers impulses to the targeted area of the brain. This surgical treatment is a success over 70% of the patients and they acquired gradual improvements. Seizures, bleeding and infections could be the rare risks.

In another surgical type, the specific area of the brain which causes PD would be destroyed.

Lifestyle changes, language therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy would help to improve the Parkinson’s disease patients’ routine life.

Dr. Sai Sudarsan is one of the best neurosurgeons in Hyderabad who has been treating all neurological issues and performed many neurosurgeries successfully. He is the ace neurosurgeon for Parkinson’s disease treatment in Hyderabad.

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Neck pain can be caused by sudden trauma such as muscle sprain or strains. Neck pain treatment normally needs conservative treatment option such as heat/ice therapy, medication, muscle conditioning, and physical therapy.

These treatment options can relieve many patients and reduce the need for surgery. Dr. Saisudarsan is one of the renowned neurosurgeons in Hyderabad.

What are the non-surgical treatment options for neck pain?

In most of the cases, the neck pain initiates from strain and can be cure non-surgically. Mostly, it involves releasing of neck pressure and muscle spasm. There are several non-surgical treatment options are available to treat neck pain, such as

· Cervical collars- cervical collars permit movement of the head and support neck to treat non-surgically. This process gives muscles desired rest and healing from the strain.

· Cervical traction- it is used for home use. In this kind of treatment, pull the head to stretch neck muscles by increasing the area of the neural passageways.

· Medications- medications can also provide to cure neck pain. Depending on the severity of the pain, some medicines are prescribed, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), muscle relaxants, trigger point injections and short-term use of opioids

· Physiotherapy- passive forms of physiotherapy such as cold/heat therapy, massage, and ultrasound can help to alleviate stiffness and pain. Therapeutic exercises can help to build strength and increase motion range. Physiotherapy also helps to understand the correct form of posture and relaxation techniques.

· Yoga

· Acupuncture

· Massage and herbal medicines

When is surgery needed for Neck Pain?


It is rare to prescribe surgery for neck pain as neck pain mostly not requires that. But, in certain cases it is required, when there is

· Any spinal cord dysfunction such as spinal stenosis

· A narrowing of the neural passageways

· Entrapping of nerve root

· Excruciating pain that is not treated well by using non-surgical measures

· Any Persist pain or weakness

What are the surgical options for neck pain?

The surgical option for neck pain include

· Corpectomy

· Discectomy

· Trans corporeal microdecompression (TCMD )

· Stabilization

Dr. Saisudarsan is highly qualified and experienced neurosurgeon in Hyderabad. He has many years of experience in treating neck pain.

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A medical emergency, considered deadly for its consequences, brain stroke is becoming an increasingly common condition today. Occurring due to a hindrance in the blood flow to the brain, stroke is one of those conditions where

prompt and efficient treatment is very crucial. However, with the correct intervention at the right time, brain stroke can be overcome with limited or no damage.

Dr. Sai Sudarsan, a pioneer in minimally invasive neurosurgery is well acclaimed for the best brain stroke treatment in Hyderabad. The reduced blood flow results in a deficiency in the oxygen and nutrient supply to brain cells. The brain cells die when exposed to oxygen deficiency for some time causing complication and even death.

Symptoms of Stroke

  • Given the importance of early treatment for stroke, it is important to identify the symptoms of the condition. Some of these are as follows: -
  • Confusion, trouble in comprehending or understanding things
  • Speech difficulties such as slurring
  • Trouble with vision in one or both eyes
  • Numbness or paralysis of legs arms or face
  • Loss of coordination or balance
  • A headache or dizziness accompanied with vomiting, altered consciousness and so on

Prevention is better than cure

It is possible to prevent stroke to a great extent if it is possible to keep an eye on the following.

  • Stay in bounds with blood pressure
  • Below in saturated fats and cholesterol
  • Control diabetes
  • A diet rich in fiber, vegetables, and fruits along with regular exercise
  • Maintain a healthy weight

Treatment for stroke

The treatment for stroke is mainly dependent on the type of stroke encountered. Ischemic stroke caused due to the blocking of the artery is treated with the help of medications, such as aspirin and TPAs. Emergency procedures including mechanical clot removal are performed depending upon the extent of stroke.
The treatment of hemorrhagic stroke involves reducing the pressure in the brain and controlling the bleeding with the help of medications and surgical procedures.

Dr. Sai Sudarshan is widely trusted for his experience in treating different neurosurgical conditions.

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Back pain is a silent and violent killer. Unbearable back pain makes one feel depressed. Though there are so many ways to treat the lumbar pain, few only get better results. Is there any possibility to override the pain without any massive surgery? Yes,

Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is an advanced technique from lumbar microdiscectomy used to treat lumbar disc problems.

The procedure of PELD:

Under local anesthesia using a stylet, a cannula is inserted through the back into the vertebral disc centre portion for performing a discectomy. Once the position of the stylet is confirmed using AP and lateral X-ray views, it is removed by leaving the cannula in the place. The damaged disc material can be removed using surgical tools. Camera attached endoscope is used to visualize the herniated disc to be removed. This is a safe method to decompress the nerve root. This surgery suits all kinds of patients.

Advantages of PELD

  1. Most of the cases experienced immediate pain relief
  2. Direct access to the herniated disc thru the cannula
  3. The ligament and disc annulus remain in contact
  4. No heavy general anesthesia is administered
  5. It is performed as an outpatient treatment
  6. Blood loss is limited/only minimal blood loss
  7. After the surgery, shorter rehabilitation is obtained
  8. Small incision is made that is closed with one stitch, no hard scars

Risks associated with PELD

  1. Continuous bruising or bleeding
  2. Infection in the operated site
  3. Leakage of spinal fluid
  4. Injury to nerves, blood vessels surrounding the spine

Dr. Sai Sudarsan, the senior Neurosurgery consultant in Hyderabad who has vast experience in doing percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD).

A head injury occurs as a result of trauma to the scalp, skull or brain, and can be classified as closed (no break in the skin) or penetrating (the skin or skull bone is broken ). The symptoms of head injury may occur immediately after a trauma or may develop slowly over time.

A head injury with brain damage , with damage to brain tissue or duties, is called cranio-cerebral trauma . This type of injury is again divided in traumatic brain injury closed (meninges intact) and open (damaged meninges).

Brain lesions themselves are divided, by definition, as follows:

  1. Contusion : unchanged or only very small brain tissue
  2. Concussion : Alterations in brain tissue are highly localized (lesion in the cerebral cortex by a contusion)
  3. Brain compression : with parts of the brain tissue altered significantly

The cause of head injuries are often external shocks caused by accidents such as collisions, hits or impacts on the head , which can occur in many situations: in sports , at home, work accidents, traffic and many other.

In head injury that affects the brain, the treatment depends on the type of brain injury the concussion requires bed rest for several days. It is important that people with concussion are protected from light and noise and are all day in a hospital under supervision.

The treatment of head injuries depends on the type of injury and the patient’s condition. To assess the severity of a head injury, a doctor may perform a physical and neurological examination, and imaging tests.

Dr. Saisudarsan is a leading neurosurgeon in India providing best Head Injury Treatments in Hyderabad also providing treatments for all neurological problems at affordable cost .

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Dr. Sai Sudarsan

Apollo Clinics
Mahal Residency
Opp SAD Hospital


Call / Whatsapp: +91-9534200013

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